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New Tax Regime Vs. Previous Tax Regime: Which one to choose?

What number of occasions have you ever approached the Union Funds with immense expectations and are available again empty handed? The motion lay elsewhere. There have been vital bulletins however circuitously associated to placing extra money in your pockets.

Not this time.

The Union Funds 2023 was action-packed. So many bulletins that immediately impression the middle-class taxpayer. I checklist among the funds proposals immediately impacting the taxpayers.

  1. Decrease tax charges beneath the brand new tax regime.
  2. Conventional plans with annual premiums over Rs 5 lacs introduced beneath the tax web.
  3. Taxpayers set off long run capital good points by buying a residential property. Set-off limits beneath Part 54 and Part 54F are actually capped.
  4. Improve in funding cap beneath Senior Residents financial savings scheme (SCSS) from Rs 15 lacs to Rs 30 lacs.
  5. Improve in Tax assortment at Supply (TCS) for remittance beneath LRS for journey and investments overseas.
  6. Hostile tax adjustments for REITs and Market-linked debentures

The entire above adjustments are usually not beneficial however the unfavourable ones largely have an effect on the HNIs.

Not doable to cowl this wide selection of subjects in a single publish. Therefore, will cowl a few of these over the subsequent few weeks. On this publish, I concentrate on a very powerful one, the adjustments to the tax construction within the new tax regime.

Now that the brand new tax regime has been made extra enticing, does it make sense so that you can change from the outdated tax regime to the brand new regime?

What are the brand new tax slabs?

The tax charges haven’t been modified beneath the outdated tax regime (Increased tax charge however deductions).

The adjustments are just for the brand new tax regime (decrease tax charges with out deductions).

tax slabs new tax regime vs old tax regime  union budget 2023

Incentives for the New Tax Regime

  1. Enhancement of minimal exemption restrict from Rs 2.5 lacs to Rs 3 lacs
  2. The eligibility of rebate beneath Part 87A enhanced from Rs 5 lacs to Rs 7 lacs if choosing the brand new tax regime. This ensures no taxes in case your revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 7 lacs.
  3. Decrease tax charges
  4. Commonplace deduction of Rs 50,000 is now allowed for Salaried individuals and pensioners. Was not permitted earlier.
  5. Surcharge for revenue over Rs 5 crores lowered from 37% to 25%, if choosing the brand new tax regime.
  6. New tax regime shall be the default choice.

No taxes if the revenue is as much as Rs 7 lacs

For those who go for the brand new tax regime and in case your revenue is as much as Rs 7 lacs, you shouldn’t have to pay any tax.

How does this occur?

Via a provision beneath Part 87A.

Beneath Part 87A, you might be eligible for a rebate of as much as Rs 25,000 (earlier Rs 12,500) if the entire revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 7 lacs (earlier Rs 5 lacs).  This variation is just for the New tax regime.

So, let’s say your revenue is Rs 6.5 lacs. As per the revised tax slabs/charges, your tax legal responsibility shall be Rs 20,000. Nonetheless, for the reason that revenue is under Rs 7 lacs, you can be eligible for a rebate of  Rs 20,000. Decrease of (Rs 20000, 25000).  Therefore, zero tax legal responsibility.

If you’re a salaried worker or a pensioner, it’s also possible to take normal deduction. This may push the tax-free restrict to Rs 7.5 lacs.

Word: The foundations haven’t been modified for the outdated tax regime. Beneath the outdated tax regime, the rebate continues to be capped at Rs 12,500 if the revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 5 lacs.

For dedication of whole taxable revenue, it’s not simply your wage that’s counted. The capital good points or curiosity revenue or some other taxable revenue should even be added to calculate the entire revenue. Even the LTCG on fairness/fairness funds of as much as Rs 1 lac should be added since it’s not exempt revenue however taxable revenue on which no tax should be paid.

Aid for Excessive Earnings Earners

For those who earn very well, the Authorities asks you to pay extra taxes. The tax slabs don’t change however the surcharge kicks in.

Above 50 lacs: 10%

Above Rs 1 crores: 20%

Above Rs 2 crores: 25%

Above Rs 5 crores: 37%

Thus, in case your taxable revenue is greater than Rs 5 crores, your tax charge on your whole revenue above Rs 10 lacs is 30% * (1+37% surcharge) * (1 + 4% cess) = 42.77%

The Authorities proposes a change right here.

For revenue above Rs 5 crores, the surcharge shall be lowered from 37% to 25%, however provided that you go for the brand new regime. This reduces marginal tax charge = 30% * (1+25% surcharge) * (1+4% cess) = 39%

No change in surcharge charge for the outdated tax regime. And the speed of surcharge stays 37% if the entire revenue is greater than 5 crores.

Clearly, for such taxpayers with annual revenue above Rs 5 crores, new tax regime is a straightforward alternative no matter the tax deductions taken.

How higher is the Proposed New Tax Regime in comparison with the Current New Regime?

The next illustration demonstrates the impression for salaried taxpayers.

changes to the new tax regime union budget 2023

Since the good thing about normal deduction is on the market solely to salaried staff and pensioners, the distinction will scale back for professionals.

What do you have to choose: New Tax Regime or the Previous Tax Regime?

Now to the true query.

Between the outdated and the brand new tax regime, which one do you have to choose?

The brand new Tax regime has decrease tax charges however doesn’t enable deductions.

Previous tax regime has increased taxes however permits to cut back revenue by tax deductions.

Due to this fact, in case you can avail sufficient tax deductions, you may nonetheless be higher off within the outdated regime.

However what’s the tipping level? What’s “sufficient”?

What must be the quantity of tax deductions to make the outdated regime extra enticing?

I in contrast the tax liabilities for numerous ranges of revenue and tax deductions for salaried staff (who will get the good thing about normal deduction beneath each outdated and new regime).

new tax regime vs old tax regime

As you may see above, the edge of tax deduction the place outdated regime turns into extra enticing than the brand new regime is Rs 4.25 lacs (together with normal deduction).

Due to this fact, in case you can handle tax deduction of Rs 4.25 or extra (Rs 3.75 lacs excluding normal deduction), you can be higher off within the outdated regime.

For non-salaried (who don’t get profit of normal deduction), the tipping level shall be Rs 3.75 lacs.

Now, you will need to see in case you can take tax deductions to that extent.

Part 80C: As much as Rs 1.5 lacs (life insurance coverage premium, ELSS, PPF, EPF, and so on.)

Part 80D: As much as Rs 25,000. For medical health insurance premium. For those who (or your partner) are a senior citizen, the profit goes as much as Rs 50,000. As well as, if you’re paying the premium on your dad and mom, you get a further 25,000 tax profit. If both dad or mum is a senior citizen, the extra profit goes to 50,000.

Part 80CCD(1B): As much as 50,000 for personal contribution to NPS.

Commonplace deduction of Rs 50,000.

These numbers add as much as about 2.75 lacs.

The opposite distinguished ones are as much as Rs 2 lacs for House Mortgage Curiosity (Part 24) and home hire allowance (HRA) adjustment . You probably have taken an training mortgage, you get tax profit for curiosity cost on training mortgage (no cap on the tax profit) beneath Part 80E.

So, if you’re staying in a home you personal (self-occupied) and you’ve got repaid the house mortgage in full, you may’t take profit beneath Part 24 (house mortgage curiosity) and home hire (HRA).

In such a case, it’s troublesome to the touch that magical mark of Rs 4.25 lacs (for salaried/pensioners) and Rs 3.75 lacs (for self-employed).

And in case you can’t hit the mark, you might be higher off within the new tax regime.

Tax Advantages which can be nonetheless permitted beneath the New Tax Regime

Commonplace deduction of Rs 50,000. Allowed just for salaried staff and pensioners.

Employer contribution to NPS, EPF, and superannuation fund. Part 80CCD (2). Word solely employer contributions are allowed as deduction. Not personal contribution. Therefore, when you’ve got been investing in NPS and taking advantage of as much as 50K beneath Part 80CCD(1B), you received’t be capable of get that profit in case you change to the brand new tax regime.

As well as, for a let-out property, you may nonetheless be capable of take profit for house mortgage curiosity.

The Verdict

It’s evident that the Authorities is making an attempt to extend acceptance of the New Tax regime by incentives.

By decreasing tax charges for the middle-income earners.

And decreasing surcharge for very high-income earners.

And probably regularly section out the outdated regime. Or if only a few individuals go for the outdated regime, it should robotically turn out to be irrelevant.

And I feel the Authorities is doing it the best approach. Quite than abolishing the outdated regime or withdrawing tax advantages beneath the outdated regime, they’ve simply made the New Tax Regime extra enticing.

The Authorities did the identical with crypto investments. It may have banned crypto investments. As an alternative, it discouraged the funding in cryptos by increased taxes, TCS, disallowing setoffs, or carry ahead of loss. So, not an outright ban however a nudge to not make investments.

Going ahead, if the Authorities needs to place extra money within the pockets of the buyers, it should merely tweak the tax charges or tax slabs beneath the brand new regime. And never contact the outdated tax regime.

With this, it’s truthful to NOT count on an enhancement within the Part 80C restrict. Not now and never sooner or later.  Or some other particular tax advantages. I don’t count on any contemporary tax profit completely for the outdated tax regime sooner or later. If a brand new tax profit (deduction) is introduced, it will be for each the outdated and the brand new regime.

By the best way, if we preserve including tax deductions to the brand new regime, we’ll beat the last word goal of the New Tax Regime. An easier tax construction. And the brand new regime turns into the New “Previous Regime”.

The brand new tax regime is straightforward.  

Will get you out of that tax-saving mindset.

Whole industries have mushroomed across the idea of tax-saving. Taxpayers purchase insipid funding merchandise simply to save lots of taxes. Beneath strain to make that tax-saving funding earlier than the top of March, they purchase something with little regard to their wants and utility of their portfolios.  Gross sales brokers construct their whole gross sales pitch round tax-saving.  Not anymore.

I don’t deny that taxation is a vital choice variable when deciding on an funding, but it surely shouldn’t be the one choice variable.

And sure, it’s positive to get out of the tax-saving mindset. Nonetheless, don’t let go of the investment-making mindset. You could nonetheless make investments on your monetary objectives.

Featured Picture Credit score: Unsplash



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